The Known World
1307 William Tell shoots an apple off his son’s head, inspires the battle for Swiss independence.
1307 Suppression of the Knights Templar
1314 Robert the Bruce (1274-1329) wins Scottish independence at the Battle of Bannockburn.
1314 Execution of Jacques de Molay[, last head of the Templars.
1314 Dante publishes The Divine Comedy
1317 William of Occam proposes his razor.
1327 Petrarch (1304-1374) falls in love with Laura, goes on to launch the Renaissance.
1337 Beginning of Hundred Years’ War
1347 The Black Death hits Europe for the first time, killing off a third of its population over the next four years.
1368 Start of Ming Dynasty; construction of Great Wall of China begins
1369 Tamerlane (1336-1405) becomes ruler of Samarkand
1405 Zheng He begins exploring the Western Ocean with a fleet of 300 ships.
1407 Christian Rosenkreuz (1378 – 1484) founds the Order of the Rosy Cross.
1413 Prince Hal becomes King Henry V, banishes Falstaff.
1415 King Henry V, once Prince Hal, wins the Battle of Agincourt. Falstaff dies shortly before.
1424 Joan of Arc (1412-1431) begins to see visions.
1428 Quasimodo the Hunchback thwarts the schemes of Dom Claude Frollo, archdeacon of Notre Dame.
1431 Joan burnt as stake.
1440 Gilles de Rais, a friend of Joan’s, is burned at the stake as a murderer, wizard and lycanthrope.
1449–1492 Lorenzo de Medici
1450 Gutenberg Bible published
1453 End of Hundred Years’ War
1453 Fall of Byzantium to the Turks; Istanbul was Constantinople.
1455 Beginning of the War of the Roses
1476 Death of Vlad the Impaler (b. 1431), prince of Wallachia, who returns as the vampire Dracula.
1480-1519 Lucrezia Borgia
1482 Torquemada (1420-1498) becomes Inquisitor General.
1483 Richard Plantagenet places his nephews in the Tower of London and has himself crowned Richard III.
1487 Publication of the Malleus Maleficarum, the witch-hunter’s guidebook.
 Age of Exploration
1492 Christopher Columbus sails the ocean blue in the Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria.
1496 Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) tests a flying machine.
1497 Amerigo Vespucci crosses the Atlantic, realizes that a New World has been discovered.
1504 Michelangelo (1475-1564) unveils David.
1507 Leonardo completes the Mona Lisa
1509 Henry VIII (1491-1547) becomes king of England
1512 Michelangelo completes the Sistine Chapel ceiling.
1513 Balboa sees the Pacific
1513 Nicolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) writes The Prince for Cesare Borgia.
1513 Ponce de Leon (b. 1460) searches Florida for the Fountain of Youth.
1516 Sir Thomas More discovers Utopia (off the coast of Brazil?).
1517 Martin Luther (1483-1546) nails his 95 Theses to the door of Castle Church in Saxony.
1519 Ferdinand Magellan begins the circumnavigation of the globe; the survivors of the expedition return to Spain in 1522.
1520 The Aztec Emperor Montezuma is imprisoned by Hernan Cortez.
1521 Ponce de Leon returns to Florida, only to be fatally wounded by a poisoned arrow.
1532 Incan Empire defeated by Pizarro
1535 Execution of Sir Thomas More.
1536 Henry VIII has his second wife Anne Boleyn beheaded.
1539 Knights of Malta send a bejeweled falcon as tribute to King Charles of Spain
1540 Vasquez de Coronado sets off in search of the Seven Cities of Cibola.
1543 Copernicus asserts that the Earth travels around the Sun.
1480-1540 Doctor Johann Faust
1541 Pizarro sets off in search of El Dorado.
1542 Ludwig Prinn writes De Vermis Mysteriis.
1547 Ivan the Terrible (1530-1584) becomes the first Tsar.
1540-1596 Sir Francis Drake
1542-1596 Hattori Hanzo
1546 Grace O’Malley, the Pirate Queen (1530-1603), takes to the sea.
1547 Prince Edward changes places with a pauper.
1549 Solomon Kane born in Devonshire, England.
1550 Hiawatha helps found the Iroquois Confederacy. Minnehaha
1550 Nostradamus (1503-1566) begins to publish his prophecies.
1553-58 Rein of Bloody Mary (b. 1516)
1556 Akbar the Great (1543-1605) becomes Mogul of India.
1565 Othello, general of Venice, kills his beloved Desdemona at the instigation of Iago.
1567 Mary Queen of Scots put in the Tower of London
1572 French Hugenauts murdered in the St. Bartholemew’s Day Massacre
1581 John Dee and Edward Kelly attempt to contact angels.
1584-1656 Myles Standish
1587 Sir Walter Raleigh (1554-1618) founds a colony at Roanoke; three years later, it is the Lost Colony.
1588 Defeat of the Spanish Armada by Sir Francis Drake (and John Dee’s hurricane)
1588 Rabbi Judah Loew (1525-1609) moves to Prague, where he creates a golem.
1592 William Shakespeare (1564-1616) writes Richard III, his first major work.
1593 Christopher Marlowe (b. 1564) killed in a supposed tavern brawl.