Medieval Era

The Medieval Era is the time between the Dark Ages and the Renaissance.


904 Gunpowder first used in warfare in China

907 Birth of Good King Wenceslas

923 Quetzalcoatl begins reign.

982 Eric the Red (950-1003) discovers Greenland

993 Hogwarts School of Witchcraft & Wizardry founded.

1000 Leif Erikson’s Voyage to Vinland

1017 Canute the Great (995-1035) becomes King of England, commands waves to stop.

1040 Macbeth (1005-1057) becomes king of Scotland.

1057 Lady Godiva (1040-1080) rides naked through the town of Coventry to convince her husband to repeal onerous taxation. No one watches except Peeping Tom.

1066 Norman Conquest

1094 El Cid (1044-1099) conquers Valencia.

1095 First Crusade

1099 Founding of Priory of Zion.

1100 Founding of Knights of Malta

1118 Founding of Knights Templar

1119 Peter Abelard (1079-1142) becomes the teacher of Heloise (1101-1162).

1165 Prester John writes to the Pope

1178 Pisa’s Tower begins to lean.

1187 Saladin (1137-1193) recaptures Jerusalem.

1190 Richard the Lionheart (1157-1199) embarks on the 3rd Crusade, leaving Prince John as regent.

1190 Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa(b. 1122) is said to have died while engaged in the 3rd Crusade, though he reportedly sleeps beneath the Kyffhäuser mountain in Thuringia.

1192 Richard the Lionheart held captive; released 1194. During the period Robin Hood (1160-1247) struggles against Prince John. Events of Ivanhoe.

1206 Genghis Khan (1162-1227) unites the Mongol tribes.

1209 Albigensian Crusade

1209 Francis of Assisi (1182-1226) founds the Franciscan brotherhood.

1212 Children’s Crusade

1215 Genghis Khan conquers Peking.

1215 Signing of Magna Carta by King John

1228 Wandering Jew said to frequent Armenia

1244 Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) begins studying with Albertus Magnus (c. 1200-1280), philosopher and alchemist.

1260 Kublai Khan (1215-1294) builds Xanadu

1261 Tannhauser emerges from the Venusburg


1266 Marco Polo travels the Silk Road to Cathay to meet Kublai Khan.

1284 Pied Piper rids the town of Hameln of rats and children.

1291 End of Crusades

1297 William Wallace (1270-1305) routs English forces at the Battle of Stirling Bridge.

Medieval Era

The Known World hrairoo